What makes an Electric Bike better than a regular Bike?
Electric bikes are better than a non-assisted bike thanks to their electric motors that come in either assist-only types or assist with a throttle to accelerate up hills and long distances. There are three main types:
- Mid – Drive
- Rear Hub
- Front Hub
No gas bill, insurance, or costly repairs are needed. A wave of satisfaction comes from the worry-free operation and little maintenance needed for an Ebike. You can rely on the assist to keep your legs and arms from getting sore so you can store that needed energy for the rest of the day!
How many kinds of E-bikes are there?
Just about any style of bike can be made or converted into an electric bike. Some popular types for their proven reliability are Mountain, Road, and Folding bikes that all play different roles depending on a rider’s lifestyle. Others like Scooters and Motorcycles may need or not need a license depending on their power output.
Do I need a License to ride Scooters or Motorcycle types?
For Bikes, Scooters, and Motorcycles that are 500 watts or lower… These do not fit into a classification requiring a license to operate. If your Motorcycle / Scooter has more than 500 watts and / or can reach up to 60 km / hour, then you will need to insure and have a license to ride in compliance with the law. This however is just the law in BC, Canada.
If you are in the United States, make sure to check what your state laws are since they can be different from place to place. In many states these E-bikes are no issue and are seen as regular bikes.
How fast are Electric Bikes?
Depending on the motor, a 250 watt speeds up to 25 km / hour, or a 500 watt can go up to 45 – 50 km / hour. Acceleration can be affected by the weight of the rider and the bike too.
Other motors can get up to 2000 watts or bigger for the higher power Motorcycles and Scooters. These can reach up to speeds of 80 + km / hour.
What kind of Range can I expect to get?
If you are using only the assist on a low level, it is certain you will get close to the advertised maximum distance of the bike. Most bikes come with Lithium batteries so you can expect to get up to 50 – 70 kms on a single charge.This is the average you can expect with a pedal-assist type bike on top of wind, hills, and bike / rider weight.
For Throttle only, this will be reduced by at least half since the motor is doing all the work. On a Scooter or Motorcycle, the batteries are usually larger capacity and can get anywhere between 60 – 100 kms or more. When riding on a level surface or downhill, ease off the power to conserve it for when you need it.
Which Motor is better – Mid Drive or Front / Rear Hub?
If you are not experienced with electric bikes, hub motors are better with less shifting involved. Mid – Drive motors are sharper and more efficient by matching the rpm of the rider’s pedaling for more range and can power up inclines.
Both are relatively easy to understand and are maintenance free so you really cannot go wrong. Electric bikes are not like cars, which have countless parts and systems to make everything work together for a simple task like getting from point A to point B.
How long is the Charge-up time?
For the older lead acid types, these can take up to 6 – 8 hours depending on the depth of discharge (DoD). A lithium battery will take half of that time or less to go from 0 – 100 percent. If you only use the pedal assist when necessary, you will only have to charge it for 1 – 2 hours. So if you only travel so far and pedal at the same time, this will extend the battery life and range.
How many Cycles / Charges will my E-bike get?
Most E-bike manufactures advertise their bikes to run 500+ cycles before the battery will be reduced to holding only about 80% charge. As mentioned above regarding charging time, if you only use the assist and not the throttle then you will extend the battery life since it’s only half of or a small portion of a charge. Exact mileage can vary, and some more expensive batteries can run 1000+ cycles before losing any capacity.
Can an E-bike pedal without Power?
Yes. Any electric bike with pedals are able to ride with no assist. In some European countries, throttle bikes are not permitted. So if you are uncertain be sure to review your country’s laws so there will be no fuss from the fuzz. It is recommended for maximum range to pedal with the assist at a low setting – for long haulers, take note!
How heavy is an Electric Bike?
In regards to components like the battery and motor, electric bikes are slightly heavier in most cases. However, not all bikes use the same size battery / motor, meaning there are lighter options. Even if you have a heavier cruiser style bike, the PAS (Pedal Assist System) makes the extra weight non-existent.
With Scooters and Motorcycles, the frame is usually much larger and made with heavier metals like steel. With power in the battery this is no issue until you run out. Many prefer pedal types because even if they do run out of power, you can still pedal home.
Can E-bike Batteries handle wet and cold Seasons?
E-bike batteries are kept in sealed compartments separate from the frame in most bikes. Some more lightweight bikes have the battery built into the frame, more bike manufactures are doing this for that water-tight seal. Leaving a bike out is okay but I recommend to keep any bike indoors and locked up to dry after use. This prevents any premature weathering or aging which ultimately expands the lifespan of the battery and bike as a whole.
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